With the end of 2020, let's turn the 'Way-Back' Machine to December 31, 1948, 72 years ago tonight.
Happy New Years... Hello 1949!
|Last year's excursion lead by SP 4444 as Second 2 ran east out of Los Angeles to Araz Jct and back via the SD&AE to Los Angeles. December 27-28, 1947 - James Salkeld collection|
December 31, 1948 that all changed. Peace was established... Pullman had lost, AC&F was victorious and the railroads of the United States would be changed. Literally overnight the Pullman Car Company sold its entire fleet of passenger cars they owned and operated to the railroads by court order. As dawn rose on the first day of 1949, a new Pullman company took over the operation of most of Pullman's fleet of cars. This new company was owned by the railroads, not Pullman Car Company. This silent coupe was to go unnoticed by the vast majority of the traveling public for years to come. American Car & Foundry, the Budd Company, along with several other car builders would now be free to compete for the railroad's business in passenger car market. Southern Pacific's new 1950 Sunset Limited would be wholly built by Budd with their patented stainless-steel body construction method. AC&F would fight for some contracts as well for additional contracts as well.
|Second 60, a "Doctor's Special" heads east out of Caliente with an number of nicer "Pullman Pool" extra cars. LMRC operating session, circa 1952.|
|Southern Pacific's streamlined 'lightweight' Pullman cars assigned to the "Lark" were some of the first cars repainted with "SOUTHERN PACIFIC" letterboards.|
In the book Pullman Panorama Vol.1, the car rosters are shown with the note "Sold to (Railroad Name Here), LTP" next to the car names and 12/48, denoting the month the car was sold to that railroad, and then returned into the Pullman Pool noted with the "LTP" (Lease to Pullman).
Many photos of SP HW Pullmans after about 1956 were actually taken of the cars in the government's strategic storage yards around the country which were supposed to be available and able to be put back into service to move the US Military in case of national emergency or rapid deployment. Interestingly, 1966, the year that the government released the cars from storage, and most went to scrap between 1961 and 1966... was about the same time that the C-141 Starlifter heavy transport aircraft entered the USAF Airlift Command's fleet, first built in 1963. Why have a fleet of stored Pullman sleepers around when you can use the new airplanes that the military just bought and the civilian airliners (Boeing 707 from 1957) instead?
On with the Models!
|Pullman Company "Lake Cary" 10-1-2 Pullman green lease scheme - Walthers model|
|SP "Juana" an example of a 12-1 repainted for Southern Pacific after January 1, 1949. - Walthers model|
|SP 9162, one of the SP's 6-6-4s painted for Overland and CoSF service. - Walthers model with SP red decals.|
Pullman Lease Cars on the SP
Pullman Pool/Company "Glen Arch" (6-3)
|Room-side of Pullman Company (Pool) "Glen Arch" in lease paint. - Walthers model|
|Aisle-side of PC "Glen Arch" in lease paint. - Walthers model|
Pullman Pool/Company "Lake Cary" (10-1-2)
Pullman Pool/Company "William Osler" (14-Section)
|Pullman Company "William Osler" 14-Section - Walthers model|
Operationally, if I want to model one of the earlier SP "Owl" (Nos.57/58) consists around 1947, often a 14-Section car was shown in the consist. If I want to model one of the later uses of the 14-Section car, not in Tourist service, then it will probably be seen in lower fare charter trips, MAIN trains, or protection service as a dormitory car, etc.
At first I thought the name was really odd, but at least it's memorable. It's been fun working up the train consists for operations at LMRC over the years and reading off the train consists before the sessions, and having the other person receiving the dictation recognize the car names as they were read off. It shows both that the cars that have a history of service at the club and it is very cool when a member of the operations crew doesn't need to be told what car type it is. "William Osler... That's a 14-Section car... next?"
This ends the first group of three Walthers Pullman cars I picked up in 2003.
Pullman Pool/Company Rock Ridge (8-1-2)
|Walther's standard Pullman green scheme named into the Rock Island's 'Rock' series. - Walthers model|
Pullman Pool/Company Coronado (12-1)
|PC "Coronado" 12-1 - Walthers model|
Pulman Tourist Cars
|PC "William Osler" a 14-Section sleeper which was leased back to Pullman by SP. - Walthers model|
The newer Tourist cars I've built using the Walthers 14-Section Pullman cars have turned out well being decalled as Tourist Cars, including the conversion of at least one to a 16-Section Tourist Car.
PC Tourist 1148, 2340. etc (13-Section)
|PC TC 1148, Rivarossi model with Rivarossi trucks still.|
PC Tourist 3132 (14-Section)
|Pullman Company Tourist Car 3132 assigned and lettered for "The Challenger" SP/UP/CNW 'Overland route' train. - Walthers model|
TC 3132 was assigned to the SP/UP "The Challenger" service as a tourist car, thus it received the train logo name painted on the center of the carside and the Tourist reporting marks over the trucks. I modeled this car from a photo in the SPHTS SP Passenger Car Vol.2 Pullman & Dormitory Cars book.
PC TC 4242 (16-Section)
|Pullman Pool "TOURIST 4242" - Kitbashed Walthers HW Pullman|
I plan to finish the last two 16-Section models I have at some point. These 16-section cars make great cars for low-fare charters, MAIN trains, and regular assignments for modeling consists in the 1945-1948 era, and the Korean War.
Foreign Cars on the SP
The days of Pullman's dark green sleeping cars interchanging across the country, with specialized schemes for the premier trains of certain railroads were over. The railroads were now free to repaint the Pullman cars into their colorful standard schemes, and those cars in lease service with the Pullman Pool, were now able to freely roam the rails of North American where ever the ticket sales took them.
PRR Arona (12-1)
|PRR "Arona" an extremely common HW 12-1 sleeper - Walthers model|
Unfortunately, I was ever only able to snag one of these Walthers models, as they've been in high demand. I finally picked the Arona up off Ebay. As with most of my passenger car models, I choose a name which is not commonly available on the supplied decal sheet.
NYC Dover (12-1)
|NYC "Dover" another extremely common HW 12-1 sleeper - Walthers model|
Both of these NYC cars are painted in the NYC and Pullmans "Eastern Two-Tone Gray" scheme, which has the light and dark shades of gray reversed from the "Western Two-Tone Gray" scheme, which the SP, UP, and ATSF used starting around 1941.
NYC Park Rapid (14-Section)
|NYC "Park Rapid" (14-Section) - Walthers model|
UP Lake Crystal (10-1-2)
UtahRails UP Paint Schemes webpage also has some interesting reading.
The SP had the largest number of 10-1-2s of the railroads after the breakup of the Pullman Company operations, but it is fair to represent these cars from other railroads as well. The UP being one of the Overland Route partners,, and also a direct interchange railroad at Portland, Oregon and Los Angeles, California assured UP cars could be found almost anywhere on the SP system.
UP American Scene (6-6-4)
|UP "American Scene" (6-6-4) a common car in transcontinental service. - Walthers model|
L&N Lake Conway (10-1-2)
|L&N "Lake Conway" (10-1-2) sleeper - Walthers model|
I decided about 2013 to snag several other foreign railroad cars to round out my heavily west-coast flavored fleet of sleepers. The "Lake Conway" and "Henry M. Rice" (a 14-section car) were two that I chose. There was a photo of the "Lake Conway" on the rear of a UP passenger train in the UPHS's magazine UP Streamliner several years ago, so I know that this car at least did get out west.
B&O Centabella (8-1-2)
|B&O "Centabella" - Walthers model|
The 8-1-2s generally were used for higher-end charter trips and for officer accommodations when in MAIN train movements. The B&O put a number of their sleepers through "Betterment" programs where the roofs were faired-in to match the contours of lightweight streamlined cars. The underframes were also at least partly hidden by skirting which covered the underbody equipment and faired over the stepwells. The Walthers model, doesn't lend itself too easily to those types of upgrades, so I hope the "Centabella" was one of the cars that didn't receive these upgrades to the highest levels of B&O service.
|Soo Line "Beaufort" 12-1 Pullman - Walthers model|
|The rear end of an eastward charter train at Bakersfield|